Plant Care

An online resource for general plant care. Light, water, fertilizer, soil and tips that we’ve learned while taking care of these plants.
*more plants and general plant care tips to come!

Aglaonema (Chinese Evergreen)

Light- medium to bright, indirect light. They can tolerate low light situations, but we do not recommend it.
Water- water every 7-10 days during the growing season. Aglaonema like to dry out a bit between waterings- feel the soil to make sure the top 2-3” of soil is dry before you water.
Fertilizer- fertilize once a month during the growing season. Do not fertilize during the colder months.
Soil- general mix
Plant Nerd Tips-
If you have a variegated aglaonema variety, the more indirect light you give your plant the brighter the colors (variegation) will be.
Be sure not to overwater- aglaonema can be sensitive to overwatering. If you notice yellow leaves or mushy stems, cut back on the amount of water you are giving your plant.

Alocasia

Light- bright, indirect light. Alocasia need a lot of light, but do not place in direct sun.
Water- water every 5-7 days during the growing season. Based on where you place your alocasia, it may need more or less water- make sure to keep the soil damp, not wet or saturated. Feel the soil to make sure your alocasia does not dry out completely. Alocasia need more humidity than a normal home provides- mist regularly with a fine mist sprayer or place near a humidifier.
Fertilizer- fertilize once a month during the growing season. Do not fertilize during the colder months.
Soil-  general mix
Plant Nerd Tips- 
Alocasia are prone to pest issues. Spray with a neem oil solution once a month to deter or kill any pests.
If you notice a leaf or two turning yellow- you can prune those off.
They drop older leaves and grow new ones rapidly during the growing season. Don’t be alarmed if you notice 1 or 2 droopy leaves, but the rest of the plant is fine.

Cacti

Light- bright light. Place your cactus in a south or west facing window to get the most light during the day.
Water- water every 2-3 weeks during the growing season and about every month during the colder months. Always make sure the soil is completely dry before you water. Overwatering can be deadly to most varieties of cactus.
Fertilizer- fertilize once every 2 months during the growing season. Do not fertilize during the colder months.
Soil- cactus + succulent soil
Plant Nerd Tips-
if you notice wrinkles on your cactus- they are being under watered and will plump back up once you water.
cacti do enjoy a light of light, but they can get sunburned. Always ease your cactus into any new light situation- do not immediately place in direct sun.

Calathea

Light- low to medium, indirect light.    
Water- water every 5-7 days during the growing season. Water enough to keep the soil damp, but not wet or saturated. Calathea need humidity to stay happy- mist regularly with a fine mist sprayer  or place near a humidifier.
Fertlizer- fertilize once a month during the growing season. Do not fertlize during the colder months.
Soil- general mix
Plant Nerd Tips-
Calathea move with the light. You’ll notice the leaves point upwards at night and lay flat during the day.
Calathea are prone to pests- spray with a neem oil solution once a month to kill and deter any pests.
Calathea are prone to crispy brown tips, which is a result of not enough humidity, too much sun, or a combination of the two.

Dieffenbachia (Dumb Cane)

Light- medium to bright, indirect light.
Water- water every 7-10 days during the growing season. Let the top 1-2” of soil dry out between waterings. Be sure not to overwater your dieffenbachia.
Fertilizer- fertilize twice a month during the growing season. Do not fertilize during the colder months. Soil- plant your dieffenbachia in well-draining soil.
Soil-  general mix
Plant Nerd Tips-
Leaves turning yellow or brown towards the bottom of your dieffenbachia is common. Prune any brown/yellow leaves off.
Keep your pets away from this plant if they like to chew on plants. Dieffenbachia sap is toxic. You may notice extra water/moisture dripping off your dieffenbachia leaves- it is water and its normal.
Give your dieffenbachia adequate light and remember to rotate your plant to avoid a leggy appearance.

Ficus

Light- bright, indirect light.
Water- water every 7-10 days during the growing season. Allow the top 1-2” of soil to dry out between waterings. Make sure not to overwater your ficus and keep the watering consistent. Mist your plant regularly with a fine mist sprayer and wipe the leaves down to get rid of any dust.
Fertilizer- fertilize once a month during the growing season. Do not fertilize during the growing months.
Soil- plant your ficus in well-draining soil. A general mix with added perlite (3/4 general soil, 1/4 perlite) will give your plant the drainage it needs.
Plant Nerd Tips-
Make sure to rotate your ficus to help in grow evenly.
Keep your ficus away from drafts or air vents. Ficus like a consistent air temperature.
Prune any brown or yellow leaves off of your ficus. Use gloves when you prune- sap can irritate your skin.

Hoya

Light- bright, indirect light.
Water- water every 7-10 days during the growing season. Hoya like/need to dry out in between waterings. Feel the soil to make sure your Hoya is dry before watering.
Fertilizer- fertilize once a month during the growing season. Do not fertilize during the colder months.
Soil- Hoya need a well-draining soil mix. Use a succulent mix to pot up your Hoya. A general mix with added orchid bark and perlite (1/2 general soil, 1/4 bark, 1/4 perlite) is also a good mix.
Plant Nerd Tips-
Hoya like to be root-bound. They don’t need to be repotted very often.
Hoya are pet safe!
Keep your Hoya happy and it will bloom!

Palm

Light- medium to bright, indirect light.
Water- water every 7-10 days during the growing season. Do not overwater your palm. Let the top 1-2” of soil dry out between waterings. Mist regularly with a fine mist sprayer to avoid brown leaf tips.
Fertilizer- fertilize once a month during the growing season. Do not fertilize during the colder months.
Soil- pot you palm in a well-draining soil mix. A general mix with added perlite (3/4 general mix, 1/4 perlite) will be good for your plant. You can also use a palm/cactus mix.
Plant Nerd Tips-
If your palm is small enough- water in the shower. Spray the leaves down and allow the water to drain out of the bottom of the pot before placing your palm back in its spot. Spraying the leaves down will give your plant moisture, deter pests and remove any dust that might be on the leaves.
Prune any brown or dying leaves off to keep your plant tidy.

Peperomia

Light- bright, indirect light.
Water-
water every 7-10 days during the growing season. Let your peperomia dry out about 50% between waterings. Do not overwater your plant.
Fertilizer- fertilize every other month during the growing season. Do not fertilize during the colder months.
Soil- pot your peperomia in a well-draining soil mix. A succulent mix or a general potting mix with added perlite will give your plant the drainage it needs.
Plant Nerd Tips-
Peperomia are pet friendly!
Peperomia don’t require much care. As long as you don’t overwater- they should be happy!

Philodendron

Light- medium to bright, indirect light.  if your variety has variegation, the more indirect light, the better!
Water- water every 7-10 days during the growing season.  Let the top inch of soil dry out between watering.   most varieties like humidity, so give the leaves a good mist with a fine mist sprayer between waterings to keep them happy
Fertilizer- fertilize once a month during the growing season. Do not water during the colder months.
Soil-  aroid mix , or a general mix with orchid bark and perlite 
Plant Nerd Tips-
give your trailing/vining philodendron something to grow up (bamboo stake, trellis, wood block) and the leaves will start to get bigger as it climbs up
most upright philodendrons (monstera, congo, etc) produce aerial roots.  once you see your plant produce aerial roots, give them a good spray while watering or between waterings


Pothos

Light- medium to bright, indirect light.
Water- water every 7-10 days during the growing season. Let the top inch of soil dry out between watering. most varieties like humidity, so give the leaves a good spray with a fine mist sprayer between waterings to keep them happy
Fertilizer- fertilize once a month during the growing season. Do not water during the colder months.
Soil- aroid mix , or a general mix with orchid bark and perlite
Plant Nerd Tips-
give your pothos something to grow up (bamboo stake, trellis, wood block) and the leaves will start to get bigger as it climbs up

Snake Plant (Sanseviera/Dracaena)

Light- low to high indirect light
Water-
water every 7-14 days during the growing season. Let your snake plant dry out  between waterings.  snake plants are drought resistant, so air on the side of underwatering Fertilizer- fertilize every other month during the growing season. Do not fertilize during the colder months.
Soil- succulent mix 
Plant Nerd Tips-
sanseviera have been recategorized as dracaena (we just call them snake plants to remove any confusion!)
snake plants produce 'pups' as a way of growing wider.  during repotting, you can remove a grown pup (as long as it has enough of it's own root system) and pot it up separately
snake plants don’t require much care. as long as you don’t overwater- they should be happy!

Succulents

Light- bright, indirect light, with some direct light (west facing windows are great)
Water- water every 7-14 days during the growing season. succulents like/need to dry out in between waterings. feel the soil to make sure your succulent is dry before watering.  cut back watering to 2-4 weeks during cold seasons.
Fertilizer- fertilize once a month during the growing season. Do not fertilize during the colder months.
Soil- succulent mix  
Plant Nerd Tips-
succulents have a reputation as being 'unkillable'.   overwatering and not enough light are the most common 'causes of death' that we've come across while helping people
succulents store water in their leaves.  if your succulent has drooping/limp leaves and dry soil, its time for a water.  if the leaves are firm and the soil is wet, hold off for a bit.  firm leaves and dry soil is the sweet spot!

Strelitzia (Bird of Paradise)

Light- medium to bright, indirect light.  with some direct light (especially if you want blooms!) too much direct light will burn the leaves, however.  east and west facing windows are best, avoid north.
Water- water ever 7-10 days during growing season.  BoP like their soil to stay moist, but not soaked. avoid letting them dry out, but be careful not to overwater.
Fertilizer- fertilize every 2 weeks during the growing season., and once a month during cold seasons.  BoP are blooming plants, and require extra food to produce blooms.
Soil- pot you BoP in a well-draining soil mix.  Our general mix has added perlite to help with drainage. if you buy store-bought,  3/4 soil 1/4 perlite works well. 
Plant Nerd Tips-
Strelitzia produce blooms that resemble birds (hence the name!)  blooms can be white or orange, depending on which type you buy (it'll usually be listed in the name ex. "Orange Bird of Paradise)
BoP are prone to pests. spray with a neem oil solution every 2-4 weeks. 

ZZ (Zamioculcas zamiifolia)

Light- low to high indirect light
Water- water every 7-14 days during the growing season. Let your snake plant dry out between waterings. snake plants are drought resistant, so air on the side of underwatering Fertilizer- fertilize every other month during the growing season. Do not fertilize during the colder months.
Fertilizer- fertilize every other month during the growing season. Do not fertilize during the colder months
Soil- succulent mix 
Plant Nerd Tips-
ZZ plants are one of the easiest plants to care for.  they do well in all light environments (avoid too much direct light), and can go weeks without water.  
overwatering seems to be a common issue we've come across when helping people with their ZZs